In recent years, CCAPP has selectively offered its services to international universities with professional degree programs in pharmacy and international college institutions training pharmacy technician students.
Because of the differences in scope of practice of the profession within other jurisdictions, in the pharmacy laws and regulations, and in the practice experiences of the students, CCAPP adds the term “International” to any level of accreditation conferred to a school of pharmacy based outside of Canada. The implication of this International CCAPP award for graduates toward future licensure or registration as a pharmacist or pharmacy technician in Canada does not change the path to licensure (requirements) the foreign pharmacy graduates will have to follow (meet) in Canada.
Bearing in mind the above implications, if requested, CCAPP may consider the following:
- Performing benchmarking studies and other forms of evaluation of international programs, which does not lead to an accreditation outcome.
In selected cases, after an initial evaluation, CCAPP may conduct a site review for the purposes of an accreditation award. This award is determined through the same accreditation processes used by CCAPP within Canada – involving an application, a full self-assessment by the school utilizing the Accreditation Standards for the First Professional Degree in Pharmacy Programs (January 2013), an on-site visit, a written report, and determination of accreditation award by the CCAPP Board.
In assessing requests by international programs for assistance from CCAPP to perform any form of service, the CCAPP board has established the following criteria that may be applied:
- The country of the requesting institution must have established diplomatic relations with Canada. For some countries, economic, trade, or other forms of exchange or cooperation agreements with Canada or a province of Canada should be in place.
- The principal purpose of the request from an international university should be to advance the quality of pharmacy education at the university or country to a model of pharmacy education in Canada. Requests for assistance that are made solely for the purpose of facilitating graduates to immigrate to Canada as pharmacists or pharmacy technicians are not encouraged. Similarly, requests that are made by a university to enhance the competitive or promotion self-interest of the university above other universities in the country for prospective applicants are also discouraged.
- The academic program and curriculum that is intended to be reviewed can be mapped against AFPC educational outcomes and NAPRA competencies.
- The program appears to meet CCAPP accreditation standards for either the baccalaureate, PharmD (FPD or post-baccalaureate), or pharmacy technician programs.
- The institutional environment or setting for the pharmacy program is equivalent to a university and includes a mission that encompasses professional education, scholarship, research, clinical practice, and professional service.
- The role of the pharmacist, the practice of pharmacy, structure and comprehensiveness of the health care system, and regulatory system for pharmaceuticals have some similarities to those that exist in Canada.
- The source of the principal funding of the university or college (private vs. public) may be a factor used in the consideration of the request.
- No restrictions on the selection of the site visit team members will be imposed on CCAPP by the international university or country, nor are there any unreasonable restrictions on the activities or duties of team members while conducting the site visit.
- The location of the site visit presents no unreasonable length of travel or accommodation issues. The international program will be fully responsible for securing visa permits for site team members, providing business class air flight tickets for all team members and arranging business class hotel accommodations. Nor does the location of the university present any safety or well-being concerns for site visit team members.
- The international university or program is responsible for providing sufficient information or evidence to CCAPP to confirm that it understands these criteria and fully complies with the intent of these criteria.
- The onus is on the international university that it can provide evidence that it meets these criteria. It is not CCAPP’s responsibility to generate the evidence to support an application or inquiry from an international university for CCAPP assistance.
Universities, schools of pharmacy, government agencies, professional or regulatory bodies for pharmacy should contact the Canadian Council for Accreditation of Pharmacy Programs directly to obtain further information concerning potential international services, collaborations, or reviews.